The Benin Empire, one of the Yoruba Kingdoms, was at its height between 1300 and 1700. It was a highly organized society with a strict social heirarchy. Benin was an area located near modern southern Nigeria, which was founded by the Edo speaking people. The son of the Ife King, Obe Eweka became ruler of Benin and changed the village system of kinship into a monarchy.
The great Benin Empire made remarkable achievements in science, administration, technology, political organization, architectures, astronomy and town-planning. However, Benin is most noted for its striking art, which attracted people the world over.